# Subject description - A3B02FY1

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A3B02FY1 | Physics 1 for KyR | Extent of teaching: | 4+2L | ||
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Guarantors: | Roles: | P,V | Language of teaching: | CS | |

Teachers: | Bednařík M. | Completion: | Z,ZK | ||

Responsible Department: | 13102 | Credits: | 6 | Semester: | L |

**Anotation:**

**Course outlines:**

1. | Units, system of units. Physical fields. Reference frames. | |

2. | Particle kinematics (rectilinear motion, circular motion, motion in three dimensions). | |

3. | Newton?s laws, inertial and non-inertial reference frames, equations of motion in inertial and non-inertial reference frames. | |

4. | Work, power, conservative fields, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy law. | |

5. | Foundations of analytical mechanics - conservation laws, constraints, generalized coordinates, Lagrangian, Lagrange's equations of the 2nd order for conservative systems. Hamiltonian, Hamilton's canonical equations. | |

6. | Central forces, motion in the field of central force. Kepler´s laws, Newton´s law of universal gravitation, gravitational field of the system of n particles and extended bodies. Gravitational field intensity, potential and energy. | |

7. | Mechanical oscillating systems. Simple harmonic motion damped and forced oscillations. Resonance of displacement and velocity. Combination of oscillatory motions. | |

8. | System of n-particles, isolated and non-isolated systems, conservation of linear and angular momentum laws. Conservation of mechanical energy law for the system of n-particles. Center of mass and center of gravity. Rigid bodies, general motion, equations of motion, rotation of the rigid body with respect to the fixed axis and to the fixed point | |

9. | Elasticity, stress, Hooke´s law. | |

10. | Introduction to the mechanics of fluids - Eulerˇs equation, barometric formulae, Bernoulli´s equation, Pascal´s and Archimedes principle. | |

11. | Fundamentals of theory of relativity, Lorentz transformation, relativistic kinematics and dynamics. | |

12. | Electric charge, Coulomb?s law, electric field intensity and potential of the system of point charges and continuously distributed charges. Gauss´ law, Maxwell´s equations for the electrostatic field in vacuum. Electric dipole, polarization and electric displacement vector, dielectrics in electric field. Maxwell´s equations for real-world materials. Conductor in electric field, Faraday´s cage. Capacitance, capacitor. Energy of the electrostatic field. | |

13. | Stationary electric current, current density, conservation of an electric charge law, electromotive force, junction rule and loop theorem. Ohm´s law, Joule´s law. Magnetostatic field. Lorentz force, Ampere´s and Biot-Savart´s law. Magnetic dipole moment, magnetization, magnetic field strength. Current carrying conductor in magnetic field. Magnetic properties of matter. Energy of the magnetostatic field | |

14. | Electromagnetic induction, energy of the electromagnetic field. Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves, wave equation, propagation of electromagnetic waves. |

**Exercises outline:**

1. | Introduction, safety instructions, laboratory rules, list of experiments, theory of errors. | |

2. | Uncertainties of measurements. Measurement of the volume of solids. | |

3. | 2nd Newton´s law and collisions. | |

4. | Measurement of the acceleration due to the gravity with a reversible pendulum and study of the gravitational field. | |

5. | Young?s modulus of elasticity . | |

6. | Forced oscillations - Pohl´s torsion pendulum. | |

7. | Measurement of the characteristics of the PEM fuel element. | |

8. | Test from Physics I. | |

9. | Motion of an electron in a crossed electric and magnetic fields. Measurement of the ratio e/m of an electron. | |

10. | Measurement of the permittivity of dielectrics. | |

11. | Measurement of magnetic fields. | |

12. | Measurement of the force acting on the current carrying conductor. | |

13. | Measurement of the coefficient of thermal conductivity of metals | |

14. | Grading of laboratory reports. Assessment. |

**Literature:**

1. | Physics I, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Dept. of Physics FEE CTU, 1992. | |

2. | Physics I - Seminars, M. Murla, S. Pekárek, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1995. | |

3. | Physics II, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2003. | |

4. | Physics II - Seminars, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1996. | |

5. | Physics I - II, Laboratory manual, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002. |

**Requirements:**

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**Subject is included into these academic programs:**

Page updated 16.9.2019 17:53:16, semester: Z,L/2020-1, L/2018-9, Z,L/2019-20, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs | Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336) |