Subject description - B2M34SST

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B2M34SST Solid State Physics Extent of teaching:3P+1L
Guarantors:Voves J. Roles:PV,P,V Language of
teaching:
CS
Teachers:Voves J. Completion:Z,ZK
Responsible Department:13134 Credits:6 Semester:Z

Anotation:

The subject is aimed on solid state physics including some parts of statistical physics.

Study targets:

The subject informs about basic properties of materials used in electronics, esp. about semiconductors.

Course outlines:

1. Solid and condensed mater, their description; crystals. Crystal classification.
2. Crystal bindings, their character and classification; van der Waals crystals. Ionic and covalent crystals.
3. Reciprocal lattice. Brillouin zone, RTG and electron structure analysis.
4. Solid state thermodynamics, phase equilibrium, phase diagrams, phase transformations.
5. Dynamical properties of crystal lattice; heat capacity, deformation.
6. Lattice defects; point defects, dislocations; surface properties, nanocrystals.
7. Band structure of solids. Semiconductors, effective mass, density of states.
8. Semiconductor in thermodynamic equilibrium. Electrons and holes. Maxwell-Boltzmann and Fermi-Dirac distribution. Fermi level calculation.
9. Transport effects in semiconductors, scattering mechanisms.
10. Electrons and holes in non-equilibrium, generation and recombination of charge carriers.
11. Electric conductivity of dielectrics, dielectric strength, inner and thermal breakdown. Dielectrics polarization in alternating field, complex permittivity and dissipation factor, ferroelectrics, pyroelectrics, piezoelectrics.
12. Metals, Fermi gas of free electrons, Fermi surfaces. Magnetic effects in solids and their origin, dia-, para-, fero-, feri-, antifero- magnetic solids.
13. Basics of superconductivity. Meissner effect, Cooper pairs, high temperature superconductors.
14. Optical properties of solids, luminescence.

Exercises outline:

1. Seminary: Quantum mechanics basics repetition
2. Seminary: Periodic table of elements, quantum model of atomu
3. Seminary: Application of quantum mechanics in the structures with periodic potential
4. Computer tools in S.St. Physics
5. Atomistic simulator Quantumwise.
6. Quantumwise - Virtual Nanolab basics
7. Quantumwise - simulation of S.St. bandstructure.
8. Quantumwise - simulation of lattice vibrations.
9. Simulation of crystal defects
10. Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy
11. Transport simulation of electrons by Monte Carlo method
12. Simulation of ferromagnetics
13. Excursion: FzÚ AV ČR - S. St. Characterisation
14. Credit hour

Literature:

1. Ch. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed., Wiley 2005
2. K. F. Brennan: The Physics of Semiconductors, Cambridge University Press 1999

Requirements:

Webpage:

https://moodle.fel.cvut.cz/enrol/index.php?id=2660

Subject is included into these academic programs:

Program Branch Role Recommended semester
MPEK4_2016 Media and Signal Processing V
MPEK1_2016 Communication Systems and Networks V
MPEK1_2018 Electronics P 1
MPEK3_2016 Electronics P 1
MPEK2_2016 Radio and Optical Technology PV 3


Page updated 12.12.2019 05:52:15, semester: Z,L/2020-1, L/2018-9, Z,L/2019-20, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336)