# Subject description - A2B31ZEO

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A2B31ZEO | Fundamentals of Electrical Circuits | Extent of teaching: | 2+2s | ||
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Guarantors: | Roles: | P,V | Language of teaching: | CS | |

Teachers: | Completion: | Z,ZK | |||

Responsible Department: | 13131 | Credits: | 5 | Semester: | L |

**Anotation:**

**Study targets:**

**Course outlines:**

1. | Electrical devices and its models. Basic quantities (electrical charge, voltage, current, power), special values. Sign conventions, fundamental topological terms (node, loop). Basic ideal passive and active circuit elements, Ohms' law. | |

2. | Basic laws and theorems (Kirchhoff's circuit laws, Thévenin's and Norton's theorem, superposition theorem), examples of application (equivalence of circuit elements, voltage divider, current divider, actual sources). | |

3. | Procedures and methods of electrical circuit analysis. Elementary analysis of linear resistive circuits. Circuits excited by one and several independent sources. Application of source equivalency method, load line. | |

4. | Power and power matching in resistive circuits. Working states of electrical circuits (transients, steady state). DC steady state, circuit model in DC steady state. General methods of resistive circuit analysis - nodal analysis. | |

5. | General methods of resistive circuit analysis - circuit equations (circuit topology, loop analysis, nodal analysis). Comparison of distinct methods of analysis in DC, examples. | |

6. | Sinusoidal steady state, representation of a sine wave as a phasor, circuit elements at sinusoidal excitation, impedance and admittance. Phasor diagrams. AC analysis. | |

7. | Elementary and general methods of analysis of AC circuits. Power and power matching in AC circuits. | |

8. | Frequency dependence of network functions (impedance, admittance, transfer function). Frequency response, its graphical representation, asymptotic approximation (Bode's plot). | |

9. | Resonant circuits. Circuit equations in time domain. | |

10. | Transients in electrical circuits. Transients in the 1st order circuit excited by DC source. | |

11. | Transients in the 2nd order circuit excited by DC source - aperiodic and quasiperiodic case, oscillating RLC circuits. | |

12. | Transients with sinusoidal excitation. Transient analyses using Laplace transform. | |

13. | Excitation by single pulses, unit impulse and unit step response. Relationship among description and behavior of circuits in time and frequency domain. |

**Exercises outline:**

1. | Introduction. Electrical voltage and current, sources of electrical energy, loads, electrical circuit and its physical analogies. | |

2. | Circuit variables and its basic quantities. | |

3. | Ideal passive and active circuit elements, Ohm's law, electrical circuit. Kirchhoff's laws. Series and parallel connection of resistors (common voltage or common current), voltage divider and current divider. Connection of ideal independent sources. | |

4. | Thévenin's and Norton's theorems, substitution of sources, loaded voltage dividers. Superposition theorem. Elementary analysis of linear resistive circuits. | |

5. | Series and parallel connection of actual electrical sources. Power supplied by the source, power absorbed by the resistor, power matching. | |

6. | Nodal analysis and mesh analysis of resistive circuits. Input and output resistance of two-port circuit, including circuits with controlled sources. | |

7. | Representation of a sine wave by a phasor, circuit elements at sinusoidal excitation, impedance and admittance. Simple circuits in the sinusoidal steady state, integrating and differentiating circuits. | |

8. | Phasor diagrams. Power and power matching in the sinusoidal steady state. Nodal and loop analysis using phasors. | |

9. | Frequency responses of integrating and differentiating circuit, frequency range of valid operation, PWM. Frequency response of more complex circuits. | |

10. | Resonant circuits. Voltage-current relationship of energy storage elements. Capacitor supplied by constant current, inductor supplied by constant voltage. | |

11. | Transients in the 1st order circuits excited by DC (constant) source and/or by AC (sinusoidal) source. | |

12. | Transients in the 2st order RLC circuits excited by DC (constant) source, aperiodic and quasiperiodic (damped oscillations) case. | |

13. | Transient analyses using Laplace transform, excitation by single pulses, unit impulse response, and unit step response. Assessment. |

**Literature:**

[1] | Slides and other study materials available on MOODLE pages (https://moodle.kme.fel.cvut.cz/moodle/login/index.php) | |

[2] | Mikulec M., Havlíček V.: Basic Circuit Theory, Vydavatelství ČVUT, Praha, 2008, ISBN 80-01-02127-0 | |

[3] | Irwin, J. D., Nelms R. M.: Basic engineering circuit analysis: / 9th ed., Wiley, 2008, ISBN 0470128690 | |

[4] | Floyd T. L.: Principles of Electric Circuits, Conventional Current Version, 8th ed., Pearsen Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-170179-7 | |

[5] | Alexander Ch. K., Sadiku M., N. O.: Fundamentals of Electric Circuits, 3rd ed., Mc Graw Hill, ISBN: 978-0-07-297718-9 |

**Requirements:**

**Webpage:**

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Page updated 13.5.2019 17:52:55, semester: Z,L/2020-1, L/2019-20, Z,L/2018-9, Z/2019-20, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs | Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336) |