Subject description - A2M99MAM

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A2M99MAM Microprocessors and microcomputers Extent of teaching:2+2L
Guarantors:  Roles:P,V Language of
teaching:
CS
Teachers:  Completion:Z,ZK
Responsible Department:13131 Credits:6 Semester:L

Anotation:

The aim is to make students acquainted with the properties of microprocessor systems, make students familiar with on-chip peripherals, connect external circuit to the processor bus, and with implementation of the memory or I/O space address extension. Next, taught the students to make simple program in the assembly language, C language and combination of both. After completion of this subject student should be able to design and implement simpler microprocessor system including connection of necessary peripherals and software design.

Study targets:

The aim is to make students acquainted with the properties of microprocessor systems, make students familiar with on-chip peripherals, connect external circuit to the processor bus, and with implementation of the memory or I/O space address extension. Next, taught the students to make simple program in the assembly language, C language and combination of both. After completion of this subject student should be able to design and implement simpler microprocessor system including connection of necessary peripherals and software design.

Course outlines:

1. Operation of microprocessor system, basic architectures, data storage in memory, ways of program development.
2. Operation of fundamental parts of typical microprocessor system, architecture of single-chip microcomputers, DSP (including VLIW), possibilities of increasing of processor performance.
3. Standard interrupt system and its modification on DSP and single-chip microcomputers, processor performance and interrupts, programming of interrupt system.
4. Watchdog and subsidiary systems, counters and their modifications, applications of subsidiary systems.
5. Memories (volatile and nonvolatile, ROM, RAM, NVRAM (SmartWatch RAM), EPROM, EEPROM, Flash, FRAM, PRAM), parallel and series connection of memories, memory reconfiguration, timing, program handling.
6. Inputs and outputs of single-chip processors, I/O expansion, display, keyboard. Design tools (monitor, RTOS, multitasking).
7. Multiprocessor architectures, communication and protocols, communication bus RS422, RS485.
8. Communication bus RS232, instrument bus SPI, I2C, MicroWire, 1-Wire, CAN bus.
9. USB, IEEE-1394, PCI-e.
10. FLASH architecture, DRAM timing. Cash memory -basic principles and architecture.
11. Fixed point and floating point arithmetic, implementations of arithmetic operations.
12. PC architecture - history and current trends. Microinstruction, memory architecture, connection of external peripherals.
13. Address and I/O space in PC, addressing modes, interrupt system, systems with large number of interrupts. Multitasking, event related programming.
14. Basic programming methods process and thread synchronization (semaphore, critical section, mutex).

Exercises outline:

1. Agenda, introduction in development environment, development kit, possibilities of program development.
2. Machine code characteristics, operand addressing.
3. Assembly language notation, debugging of simple program in software simulator.
4. Developing of the program generating waveforms, program verification, displaying of generated waveforms in simulator.
5. Introduction in development board concept, implementation of the program simulated on 4th seminar on the board (initializing of developing board).
6. Matlab design of the 1st individual task and in simulator of given processor.
7. Implementation of the 1st individual task on development board.
8. Matlab design of the 2nd individual task and in simulator of given processor.
9. Implementation of the 2nd individual task on development board and verification of functionality.
10. Design of 3rd independent task, characteristic verification.
11. 3rd independent task - analysis.
12. Implementation of the 3rd independent task.
13. Presentation of the semestral project.
14. Completion of independent tasks.

Literature:

[1] Documentation of ultra-low-power 16-bit RISC mixed-signal processors [online], Available on: http://www.ti.com/msp430
[2] Documentation of AVR microcontroller [online], Available on: http://www.atmel.com/products/AVR/

Requirements:

Assume student will be able to implement combinatory circuit in different modifications and with different logic elements, multiplexers, memories and PLD and calculate its time delay. Student will be able to design and analyze logic of the sequential circuit and find its maximum clock frequency. He / she will know the timing of memories, function of basic sequential circuits, counters and shift registers.

Webpage:

https://moodle.fel.cvut.cz/courses/A2M99MAM

Keywords:

Microprocessor, addressing, memory, interrupts, peripheral connectivity, multiprocessor systems and communications, economical design and implementation

Subject is included into these academic programs:

Program Branch Role Recommended semester
MPIB Common courses V
MPEEM1 Technological Systems V 2
MPEEM5 Economy and Management of Electrical Engineering V 2
MPEEM4 Economy and Management of Power Engineering V 2
MPEEM3 Electrical Power Engineering V 2
MPEEM2 Electrical Machines, Apparatus and Drives V 2
MPKME1 Wireless Communication P 2
MPKME5 Systems of Communication P 2
MPKME4 Networks of Electronic Communication P 2
MPKME3 Electronics P 2
MPKME2 Multimedia Technology P 2
MPKYR4 Aerospace Systems V 2
MPKYR1 Robotics V 2
MPKYR3 Systems and Control V 2
MPKYR2 Sensors and Instrumentation V 2


Page updated 24.6.2019 17:52:59, semester: Z,L/2020-1, L/2018-9, Z,L/2019-20, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336)