Subject description - A6M33FZG

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A6M33FZG Physiology and Anatomy Extent of teaching:2+1L
Guarantors:Mysliveček J. Roles:P Language of
Teachers:Mysliveček J. Completion:Z,ZK
Responsible Department:13133 Credits:3 Semester:Z


The subject is focused on physiology of specific organ systems in human physiology, it reviews the physiological functions on the level of cell and organ systems. There are described basic principles of physiological functions: attention is given to the connection between structure and function as well as to the role of biological membranes and their importance for body functions. Moreover, the subject studies specific systems, such as homeostasis and internal environment regulation, blood, basic principles of immunology. In addition to that, there are explained also some other systems, such as respiration, blood circulation, digestion (gastrointestinal tract), metabolism, renal functions, reproduction and development, aging, humoral regulation, neurophysiology and physiology of senses. From the view of anatomy there are emphasized basic morphological structures as cell, muscle composition and neuronal structures. There are reviewed in a systematic way the structures of respiratory tract, circulation system,gastrointestinal tract, renal, reproductive system and central and autonomous nervous system.

Study targets:

The aim of the subjet is to gain basic informations about human organism function and to understand the function of all organism systems.

Course outlines:

1. Connection between function and structure.
2. Principles of physiological functions, basic regulation in the organism.
3. Homeostasis.
4. Blood. The funtion of blood elements, blood groups, haemostasis. Immunology.
5. Respiration. Respiratory centre as an example of simple neuronal network.
6. Circulation as dynamic mean of homeostasis.
7. Gastrointestinal tract.
8. Physiology of metabolism.
9. Renal functions.
10. Reproduction and development. Physiology of gravidity. 11. Humoral regulation.
12. Autonomic nervous system.
13. Central nervous system.
14. Receptors. Senses.

Exercises outline:

1. Cellular membrane model.
2. Acidobasic hoeostasis.
3. The model of circulation.
4. Spirometry.
5. The model of respiratory system.
6. ECG and its analysis,
7. The model of heart function.
8. The model of glycemia regulation.
9. The model of Henle loop and glomerularní filtration.
10. Physiology of aging.
11. The Model oof termoregulation and metabolism.
12. The model of autonomic nervous system.
13. The test of psychic functions, the short memory test.
14. Audiometry.


[1] Anatomy physiology. Complete version. WCB 1995.


Presentation of the exercises 80%.


Function, organ systems, regulation

Subject is included into these academic programs:

Program Branch Role Recommended semester
MPBIO1 Biomedical Informatics P 1
MPBIO2 Biomedical Engineering P 1

Page updated 23.5.2019 09:53:27, semester: Z,L/2020-1, L/2019-20, Z,L/2018-9, Z/2019-20, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336)